Basarab Nicolescu - Biographical Notes

1942: Born on the 25th of March, 1942 at Ploiesti, Romania. Parents: Anton Nicolescu (born in 1916, deceased in 1992) and Anghelichi Anastasiadis (born in 1922, deceased in 2007). Anton Nicolescu was prisoner of war in Russian camps from November 1942 till May 1948.

1956 - 1960: Studies at Highschool "Ion Luca Caragiale", Ploiesti, Romania. 1st prize at National Mathematics Contests and National Contests of Romanian Literature.

1960: Baccalaureate, Ploiesti, Romania. Graduation chief-leader.

1959: Gold medal at the First International Mathematics Olympiad, Brasov, Romania.

1960 - 1964: Studies at the Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest. Bachelor - Theory of fields and Elementary Particles.

1965: Diploma Thesis: Yang-Mills fields and self-interaction of vectorial fields, under the coordination of Professor Constantin Eftimiu. Graduation chief-leader.

1965 - 1968: Assistant Professor at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics.

1966: 1st marriage at Piatra Neamtz (Romania) with Gabriela Nani. Child : Bogdan Andrei (born in 1967). Divorced in 1975.

1968 - 1969: Grant of the French Government, University Paris VI. Basarab Nicolescu has lived in France since 1968.

1969 - 1970: Grant "Joliot-Curie" of the Commissariat of Atomic Energy, University Paris VI.

1970 - 2008: Entered in 1970 at the National Centre of Scientific Research - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), where he made all his scientific career, as theoretical physicist, from the lowest level till the highest level, till 2008, when he retired from CNRS. He worked at Nuclear Physics Institute, Division Theoretical Physics, Orsay and, later, at Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and High Energies, University Paris VI.

1972: PhD in Physics ("Doctorat d’État ès-Sciences Physiques"), University "Pierre et Marie Curie" (Paris VI), Paris, Contribution to the theoretical study of the pion-nucleon scattering (Contribution à l'étude théorique de la diffusion pion-nucléon), under the coordination of Professor Robert Vinh Mau. Members of the jury: Maurice Lévy, Geoffrey Chew (USA), Elliot Leader (England), and Robert Vinh Mau.

1973: He introduced, in collaboration with the Polish physicist Leszek Lukaszuk (1938-2007) and based on asymptotic theorems, a new concept (Odderon), which later was confirmed in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and opened a new field in strong interaction physics.

1975: 2nd marriage in Paris with Michelle Moreau. Children: Daria Solange (born in 1975) and Matthieu-Vlad (born in 1981). Michelle Nicolescu deceased on the 28th of October 2005.

1976: Obtained French nationality (decree of naturalization no 12-7605033 of the 4th of March, 1976).

1976 - 1977: Participant as Guest Scientist at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, USA.

1977: Guest Scientist at Brown University, USA.

1979: Senior Visiting Scientist at the University of London.

1985: Founder and coordinator of the series of biannual international conferences "Elastic and Diffractive Scattering". For the history of these conferences consult the following web page

1986: Animator and author of working documents of the Venice Symposium "Science confronted to the borders of science- the Prologue of our cultural past" ("La science face aux confins de la connaissance - Le Prologue de notre passé culturel") organized by UNESCO in collaboration with Cini Foundation. The "Venice Declaration" was written by Basarab Nicolescu and adopted by 17 personalities of the scientific and cultural world present at this symposium.

1986: Loss of Romanian nationality by presidential decree no 65 of the 21st of April 1986. Romanian nationality reattributed in 1999.

1986: Silver Medal of the French Academy for the book Nous, la particule et le monde (Us, the particle and the world). The same book was selected by "Universalia 1986" (Encyclopaedia Universalis Editions).

1987: President-founder of the International Centre of Transdisciplinary Research and Studies (Centre International de Recherches et Études Transdisciplinaires (CIRET)), ONG (Association law of 1901) including 165 transdisciplinary researchers from 26 countries. Internet site

1987: The American-Romanian Academy Award, USA

1991: Co-founder with René Berger of the Reflection Group on Transdisciplinarity with UNESCO, made up of 16 personalities of the scientific and cultural world. This group was conceived as a group of reflection on the main orientations of transdisciplinary activity at international level as a relay between the different transdisciplinary groups and associations and international institutions such as ONU and UNESCO. GRT-UNESCO organized several meetings:

- 1991 - Congress Science et Tradition : perspectives transdisciplinaires, ouvertures vers le XXIe siècle (Science and Tradition : transdisciplinary perspectives, ways to the XXIst century), UNESCO, Paris ;

- 1993 – Meeting of GRT-UNESCO in Venice, where the priorities of the transdisciplinary action for the next decade are set up and the idea of a first world congress of transdisciplinary researchers is launched.

- 1994 – First World Congress of Transdisciplinarity - Convento da Arrábida, Portugal, 2nd-7th of November, 1994.

This congress was co-organized by UNESCO National Commission in Portugal, GRT- UNESCO and the International University of Lisbon. It was carried out under the patronage of the President of the Portuguese Republic Mário Soares, of UNESCO, of the General Secretary of the Council of Europe and of CIRET. 76 personalities of 17 countries participated in this conference. The participants at the congress adopted a Charter of Transdisciplinarity, whose project was drawn up by Lima de Freitas, Edgar Morin and Basarab Nicolescu.

 - 1995 – International Symposium Art in science and science in art : beyond two cultures  (L'art dans la science et la science dans l'art : au-delà des deux cultures), São Paulo, Brazil, October 1995. Co-organized by GRT- UNESCO, CIRET and Theater Company Ruth Escobar.

 - 1996 – Symposium Transdisciplinarity today (La transdisciplinarité aujourd'hui), UNESCO, Paris.

1992: Benjamin Franklin Award for Best History Book, USA, for the book Science, Meaning and Evolution - The Cosmology of Jakob Boehme.

External expert at the annual session at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. Basarab Nicolescu participates, in the presence of Pope John-Paul 2nd at the ceremony of closing of Galileo Galilei Trial.

1993: Prize of the Writers' Union of Romania.

1995 - 1997: Project CIRET – UNESCO Transdisciplinary evolution of the University/ Évolution transdisciplinaire de l'Université, included in UNESCO Programme 28 C/5, in collaboration with Division of Arts and Cultural Life.
This project was discussed at the International Congress What University for Tomorrow ? Towards a Transdisciplinary Evolution of the University, Ascona - Monte Verità, 1997, sponsored by UNESCO and by the Government of Ticino.
The participants, amongst who were three UNESCO personalities, adopted a Declaration and a series of recommendations which were followed by important actions in Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, Canada and in France.

1996 - 2002: Professor at the School of Political Studies/ École d'Études Politiques RANDA, Barcelona, Spain.

1996: Founder and director of the « Transdisciplinarity » series, Rocher Publishing House, Monaco.

1998: International Workshop "Pomeron and Odderon in Theory and Experiment", Heidelberg, Germany, March 1998, dedicated​ to the study of the Odderon. Basarab Nicolescu gave the opening talk at this meeting.
Member of the International Academic Council of the International Institute of Complex Thinking, University of Salvador, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Facilitator of Commission 2 – Quality of Higher Education, World Conference on Higher Education, UNESCO, Paris.
Honorary President of the International Foundation "Stéphane Lupasco" for Science and Culture, Iasi, Romania.

2000: Proposed as Deputy Director General of UNESCO for Science by the Romanian Government, with the support of France and of the International Francophone Organization (OIF). The position was finally attributed to the representative of Germany.
Doctor Honoris Causa of the University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza", Iasi, Romania.
Decoration "Grand Officer", Order "Loyal Service", Romania.

2000 - 2001: Invited professor at the University of Gerona, Spain.

2000 - 2002: Member of the Working Group “Philosophical implications of contemporary science” ("Implications philosophiques de la science contemporaine"), Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, France, under the direction of Bernard d'Espagnat.
Participant within the group “Physics and Cosmology” ("Physique et cosmologie"), programme SSQ2, Templeton Foundation, USA

2001: Elected as Member of Honour of the Romanian Academy.

2003: Founder and coordinator of the “Romanians of Paris” series ("Les Roumains de Paris"), Oxus Publishing House, Paris.

2004: Citizen of Honour of Ploiesti, Romania.
Grand Prize Opera Omnia at the International Festival Lucian Blaga, Paris/Cluj-Napoca.
Elected as founding member of the International Society for Science and Religion.
Elected as member of the Board of the National Foundation for Science and Arts (FNSA), Romania.

2005: The RIKEN BNL Research Center International Workshop "Odderon Searches at RHIC", organized by Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA, in September 2005, was dedicated to the study of experimental searches for the Odderon. Basarab Nicolescu gave the opening talk of this meeting.

2006: Citizen of Honour of the city of Iasi, Romania.
Prize Opera Omnia at the International Festival Nichita Stanescu, Ploiesti, Romania.
Founder and co-director of the "Science and Religion" series, Curtea Veche Publishing House, Bucharest, Romania
Elected as President of the Jury of the National Prize "Petru Cretia" for Literary Criticism and History, Romania.
Appointed Professor at the Faculty of European Studies, University Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, where Basarab Nicolescu coordinates a PhD program in philosophy, option « transdisciplinarity ».

2007: "Inter-Balkan Cultural Association - Rigas' Charta" Award, Athens, Greece
Citizen of Honour of the City of Cluj-Napoca (Romania).

2008: 3rd marriage in Paris with Anne Henry, psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.
Retired from CNRS, but still active in physics as Honorary Researcher at CNRS  (University Paris 6).
Prize of  Excellence "Convorbiri literare", Iasi, Romania.
Doctor Honoris Causa of the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Doctor Honoris Causa of the University “George Bacovia”, Bacau, Romania.

2009: Diploma of Excellence of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania “for the promotion of the Romanian culture and of the image of Romania abroad”.

2010: The ATLAS Ramamoorthy§Yeh Transdisciplinary Distinguished Award, offered by the Academy of Transdisciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies, Southwestern University, Georgetown, Texas, USA.
Designated as Co-Editor-in-Chief of "Transdisciplinary Journal of Engineering&Science", USA.

2011: Appointed as Professor Extraordinary at Stellenbosch University, South Africa for the period 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2013.
Elected as Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS) Fellow for the period March 6, 2011 - April 6, 2011.
Doctor Honoris Causa of the University "Vasile Goldis", Arad, Romania.
Doctor Honoris Causa of the Veracruzana University, Xalapa, Mexico.

2012: Elected as Academy of Transdisciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies (ATLAS) Fellow, Texas, USA.
Doctor Honoris Causa of Petroleum - Gas University, Ploieşti, Romania.
Nominated for the National Prize, Union of Writers of Romania.
Institute of Transdisciplinary Studies Science Spirituality Society (IT4S) Medal, Bucharest, Romania.

2013:Citizen of Honour of the Village of Pacureti, Prahova County, Romania. The great-grandfather of Basarab Nicolescu, Andrei Nicolescu-Pacureti (1866-1925), was Mayor of the village and member of the Senate of Romania. He received a prize of the Romanian Academy in 1908 and he wrote several books. The genealogical tree of Basarab Nicolescu can be found at the page
Designated as Editor-in-Chief of "Transdisciplinary Journal of Engineering&Science", USA.
HE Jean-Marc Ayrault, Prime Minister of France, invited Basarab Nicolescu to accompany him in his visit of two days in Romania (July 11-12, 2013).
The Academy of Transdisciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies (ATLAS), Texas, USA decided to institute the "Basarab Nicolescu Transdisciplinary Science & Engineering Award". The first prizes will be attributed in 2014.

2014: Appointed as Professor Extraordinary at the School of Public Leadership, Stellenbosch University, South Africa for the period 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2016.
Elected Founding Fellow of Luminary Research Institute, Gaia Foundation, Taiwan
International Society for Universal Dialogue (ISUD) Honorary Award
Elected Honorary Member of the Academy of Transdisciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies (ATLAS), Texas, USA
International Congress in Honor of Basarab Nicolescu, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan
The Academy of Transdisciplinary Learning and Advanced Studies (ATLAS) Gold Medal of Honor
Basarab Nicolescu Transdisciplinary Science & Engineering Award is attributed to Prof. Sarah Gehlert (Washington University) and Prof. Eunsook Hyun (California State University, Los Angeles)
Elected Honorary Member of Association des Amis de Gilbert Durand (AAGD), France
Elected Honorary President of the Center for Inter and Transdisciplinary Research and Studies (CCSIT), University Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

2015: Doctor Honoris Causa at University of Craiova, Craiova, Romania.

2016: Invited as columnist of the review "Cybernetics & Human Knowing - A Journal of Second Order Cybernetics, Autopoiesis & Cybersemiotics"
Doctor Honoris Causa at University "Lucian Blaga" of Sibiu, Sibiu, Romania.
Appointed as Cultural Ambassador of Iasi by the Council of the Municipialty of Iasi (Romania).
Opening of the "Library of the Romanian Exile in Paris - Basarab Nicolescu", Library Alexandru and Aristia Aman, Craiova, Romania.
Doctor Honoris Causa at University of the West, Timisoara, Romania.
Invited as Professor at Széchenyi University's Doctoral Program in Management (SzEEDSM), Doctoral School of Regional Sciences and Bussiness Administration, Budapest, Hungary.
Nominated honorary associated researcher at the University of Craiova, Faculty of Social Sciences (Romania).

2017: Citizen of Honour of the City of Craiova (Romania).
Prize Opera Omnia, 150th Anniversary of the Review "Convorbiri literare", Iasi (Romania)
Elected Member of Honour of the Deutsch-Rumänische Akademie Baden-Baden
Invited as Professor at Széchenyi University's Doctoral Program in Management (SzEEDSM), Doctoral School of Regional Sciences and Bussiness Administration, Budapest, Hungary.

2018: Prize EURO CENTENART attributed by the Ministery of Culture of Romania for 11 personalities of the Romanian diaspora from the European Union who promoted the Romanian culture.
The TOTEM team from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN discovered the experimental evidence for the Odderon, theoretical concept introduced in 1973 by Leszek Lukaszuk and Basarab Nicolescu
Doctor Honoris Causa at University "Ovidius", Constanţa, Romania.
Doctor Honoris Causa at National University of Arts "George Enescu", Iaşi, Romania.

2019: Brâncoveanu Prize attributed by Alexandrion Foundation (Romania) in Honor of the Values of the Romanian Culture
Basarab Nicolescu is elected President of Honor of the the International Center of Transdisciplinary Research and Studies (CIRET)
PEACE PRIZE - Prize attributed by UNIPAZ and ALUBRAT, Brazil, 2019: " To the pilgrim of peaceful consciousness, we honor your legacy of Transdisciplinarity that drives the evolutionary awakening of humanity".

2020: Nominated for the Nobel Prize of Peace 2020
Co-chair of the group "Matter and Consciousness" of the programme "Science and Orthodoxy around the World", Athens, sponsored by Templeton Foundation


a) Dictionaries and encyclopedias

  • Dorina N. Rusu, Dictionary of the Members of the Romanian Academy (1866-2010) / Dictionarul Membrilor Academiei Romane (1866-2010), Enciclopedica Publishing House and National Foundation of Science and Art, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, 2010, p. 729.

  • Aurel Sasu, Biographic Dictionary of Romanian Literature (M-Z) /Dictionarul biografic al literaturii romane (M-Z), Paralela 45, Pitesti, Romania, 2006, p. 220-221 (article by Corin Braga).

  • Nicolae Dumitrescu, Ploiesti - Cultural Horizons/ Ploiesti – Orizonturi culturale, County Council Prahova, County Museum of History and Archelology Prahova, Ploiesti, Romania, 2005, p. 256–258.

  • Romanian Academy, General Dictionary of Romanian Literature (L-O) /Dictionarul general al literaturii romane (L-O), Univers Enciclopedic Publishing House, Bucharest, 2005, p. 619-620 (article by Oana Soare).

  • Dorina N. Rusu, Members of the Romanian Academy (1866-2003)/Membrii Academiei Romane (1866-2003), dictionary, Coedition Enciclopedica Publishing House/Publishing House of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest, 2003, p. 587.

  • Florin Manolescu, Encyclopaedia of Romanian Literary Exile (1945-1989) /Enciclopedia exilului literar romanesc (1945-1989), Compania, Bucharest, 2003, p. 535-536.

  • Mircea Zaciu, Marian Papahagi and Aurel Sasu, Dictionary of Romanian Writers (M-Q)/Dictionarul scriitorilor romani (M-Q), Albatros Publishing House, Bucharest, 2001, p. 456-459 (article by Corin Braga).

  • Marian Popa, History of Romanian Literature pro tempore (23rd of August 1944- 22nd of December 1989) /Istoria literaturii romane de pe azi pe maine (23 august 1944 – 22 decembrie 1989), Vol. II, Foundation Luceafarul, Bucharest, 2001, p. 1171

  • Laurentiu Ulici, Romanian writers from abroad /Scriitori români din afara granitelor tãrii, Foundation Luceafãrul, Bucharest, 1996, p. 64.

  • Who's Who in Science and Engineering 1996-1997, 3rd edition, New Providence, NJ, USA, Marquis Publishing Co., since 1996, p. 721.

  • Fanus Bailesteanu, Romanian cultural personalities from abroad /Personalitati culturale romanesti din strainatate, dictionary, Romania Press, Bucharest, 1999, p. 148-149.

  • Laurentiu Ulici, Contemporary Romanian Literature/Literatura românã contemporanã, Eminescu Publishing House, Bucharest, 1995, p. 487-489.

  • Who's Who in the World 1993-1994, 11th edition, New Providence, NJ, USA, Marquis Publishing Co., p. 834, since 1993.

  • Romanians in Western European science and culture/Români în stiinta si cultura occidentalã, American-Romanian Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 13, Davis, CA, USA, 1992, p. 266-267 (article by Mircea Sabau).

  • Anthology of Romanian associations and Romanian cultural personalities in exile 1940-1990/Antologia asociatiilor si personalitatilor culturale romanesti din exil 1940-1990, 2nd edition, Romanian Institute of Historical Research, San Diego, CA, USA, 1991, p. 432-433 (article by  Mircea Sabau).

  • Universalia 1986, Section « Culture et œuvres – Les faits culturels », Encyclopaedia Universalis, Paris, 1986, p. 493 (article by Jean-Louis Basdevant on the book Nous, la particule et le monde by Basarab Nicolescu).

b) Monographs, PhD Thesis, and other works

  • Cristian Ungureanu, Basarab Nicolescu - Doctor Honoris Causa al Universităţii de Arte “George Enescu” din Iaşi, ARTES, Iaşi, 2018.

  • Traian D. Lazăr, Ion Th. Grigore şi Basarab Nicolescu în corespondenţă - o relaţie de prietenie spirituală, Editura Mythos, Ploieşti, 2018.

  • David Garcia Diaz, Towards an Integral Anthropology. A Study in the Light of Two Contemporary Epistemological Proposals: Jacques Maritain and Basarab Nicolescu / Hacia una antropología integral. Un estudio a la luz de dos propuestas epistemológicas contemporáneas: Jacques Maritain y Basarab​ ​Nicolescu, ​ PhD Thesis in​ ​Humanities and Social Sciences, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria (UFV), Madrid, Spain, 2017, 354 pages.

  • Marian Victor Buciu, Basarab Nicolescu : The Transdisciplinary Revolution / Basarab Nicolescu : Revoluţia transdisciplinară, Junimea, Iaşi, 2016.

  • Traian D. Lazar and Raluca Andreescu, Letters from Exile - Literature Archive of Basarab Nicolescu / Scrisori din exil - Arhiva literara Basarab Nicolescu, Curtea Veche, Bucharest, Romania, 2015.

  • Transdisciplinarity with Basarab Nicolescu / Transdisciplaritate cu Basarab Nicolescu, Vatra No 6-7, Târgu Mureş, Romania, June-July 2013, p. 60-130, contributions by Horia Bădescu, Constantin Cubleşan, Victor Cupşa, Marian Victor Buciu, Iulian Boldea, Dorin Ştefănescu, Pompiliu Crăciunescu, Dumitru-Mircea Buda, Adriana Teodorescu, Petrişor Militaru, Emanuela Iie, Mihaela Grigorean, Irina Dincă, Luiza Mitu, Cristina Poterăşoiu, Mirela Mureşan, Bogdan Raţiu, Maria Cheţan, Adela Rezan.

  • Eugen Simion, Solomon Marcus and Emil Constantinescu, Anniversary Session of the Romanian Academy "Basarab Nicolescu - 70" / Sesiunea aniversară a Academiei Române "Basarab Nicolescu - 70", Academica No 1, Bucharest, Romania, January 2013, p. 27-36.

  • Petrişor Militaru and Luiza Mitu (Ed.), Basarab Nicolescu - Under the Sign of the Septenary / Basarab Nicolescu - Sub semnul septenarului, Editura Aius, Craiova, Romania, 2012.

  • Liviu Dumitraşcu (Ed.), Basarab Nicolescu - Tireless Seeker after Truth / Basarab Nicolescu - Neobosit căutător de adevăr, Petroleum - Gas University Editing House, Ploieşti, Romania, 2012.

  • Cristina Nunez, Irmgard Rehaag, Alejandro Sanchez y Enrique Vargas (Ed.), Transdisciplinariedad y sostenibilidad - Encuentro con Basarab Nicolescu, Universidad Veracruzana - Editores de la Nada, Xalapa, Mexico, 2011.

  • Irina Dinca, Stages in the Configuration of the Transdisciplinary Project of Basarab Nicolescu, Transdisciplinarity in Science and Religion, n° 2, 2011, Curtea Veche Publ., Bucharest, p. 119-136.

  • Romanian Physicists: Spiru Haret, Hermann Oberth, Stefan Procopiu, Alexandru Proca, Basarab Nicolescu, Books LLC, Memphis, Tenesee, USA, 2010, p. 9-12.

  • Transdisciplinarity: Edgar Morin, Stéphane Lupasco, Basarab Nicolescu, René Passet / Transdisciplinarité: Edgar Morin, Stéphane Lupasco, Basarab Nicolescu, René Passet, Books LLC (French Series), Memphis, Tenesee, USA, 2010, p. 1-4.

  • Ancien Student of Pierre and Marie Curie University: Dominique Strauss-Kahn, Luc Vinet , Basarab Nicolescu / Ancien Etudiant de l'Université Pierre et Marie Curie: Dominique Strauss-Kahn, Luc Vinet , Basarab Nicolescu, Books LLC (French Series), Memphis, Tenesee, USA, 2010, p. 3-6.

  • Irina Dinca, The Transdisciplinary Project of Basarab Nicolescu / Proiectul transdisciplinar al lui Basarab Nicolescu, in Irina Dinca, Andreia Koller, Sorina Nevodenszki, and Diana Ioana Ureche (Ed.), in Romanian Writers and/in Foreign Literature / Scriitorii români si/în literaturile straine, Editura Universitatii de Vest, Timisoara, 2010.

  • Emanuela Ilie, Basarab Nicolescu- monographic essay / Basarab Nicolescu - eseu monografic, Timpul, Iasi, 2008 ; 2nd edition: Curtea Veche, Bucharest, 2009.

  • Ionut Isac, References and Configurations in the Philosophy of Science / Repere si configurari în filosofia stüntei, Argonaut, Cluj-Napoca, 2007, p. 115-147, 202-204.

  • Emanuela Bambara, At the Roots of Transdisciplinarity: Edgar Morin and Basarab Nicolescu / Alle radici della transdisciplinaridade: Edgar Morin e Basarab Nicolescu, PhD in philosophy, Universitá degli Studi di Messina, Italy, 2002

  • Jean-François Malherbe, “Language game” and “Included Third”-New instruments for applied ethics / "Jeux de langage" et "Tiers inclus" - De nouveaux outils pour l'éthique appliquée, University of Sherbrooke and GGC Editions, Sherbrooke, Québec, 2000.

  • Jean-François Malherbe, The Polyglot Nomad- Ethical Excellence in Postmodernity / Le nomade polyglotte - L'excellence éthique en postmodernité, Bellarmin, Collection L'essentiel, Québec, 2000, p. 183-201. - Last modified on : Tuesday, July 07 2020 12:03:44